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Saturday, May 2, 2020 | History

10 edition of Evolution in age-structured populations found in the catalog.

Evolution in age-structured populations

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Published by Cambridge University Press in Cambridge [Eng.], New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Age-structured populations -- Mathematical models,
  • Population genetics -- Mathematical models,
  • Evolution (Biology) -- Mathematical models

  • Edition Notes

    StatementBrian Charlesworth.
    SeriesCambridge studies in mathematical biology ;, 1
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQH455 .C47
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxiii, 300 p. ;
    Number of Pages300
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL4425713M
    ISBN 100521230454, 0521297869
    LC Control Number79041452

    In the summer of , twenty-six graduate and postdoctoral stu dents and fourteen lecturers converged on Cornell University for a summer school devoted to structured-population models. This school was one of a series to address concepts cutting across the traditional boundaries separating terrestrial, marine, and freshwa ter ecology. Earlier schools resulted in the books Reviews: 1. demogR is a package for doing demographic analyses of age-structured populations in R (R Development Core Team ). By default, it works with the data format typically used by human demographers. However, all of the routines for the analysis of matrix population models will work for any age-structured life cycle. Simulating the Emergence of Mutations and Their Subsequent Evolution in an Age-Structured Stochastic Self-Regulating Process with Two Sexes DOI: // Charles J. Mode, Candace K. Sleeman, Towfique Raj. Fisher in his book, The Genetical Theory of Natural Selec-tion. Both Haldane () and Norton () developed mathe-matically sophisticated treatments of selection in age-structured populations, providing conditions under which the Malthusian parameter effectively equals Darwinian fitness, such as weak se-lection or random mating.


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Evolution in age-structured populations by Brian Charlesworth Download PDF EPUB FB2

In this new edition Brian Charlesworth provides a comprehensive review of the basic mathematical theory of the demography and genetics of age-structured populations. The mathematical level of the book is such that it will be accessible to anyone with a knowledge of basic calculus and linear by: Buy Evol Age-Structured Populations 2ed (Cambridge Studies in Mathematical Biology) on FREE SHIPPING on qualified ordersCited by: COVID Resources.

Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle.

This book examines evolution in age-structured populations of animals and plants under the following headings: models of age-structured populations; the genetics of populations without selection; selection: construction of a model and the properties of equilibrium populations; selection: dynamic aspects; and, the evolution of : B.

Charlesworth. ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: xiii, pages: illustrations ; 23 cm: Contents: 1. Models of age-structured populations The genetics of populations without selection Selection: construction of a model and the properties of equilibrium populations Selection: dynamic aspects The evolution of life-histories.

Evolution in Age-Structured Populations (Cambridge Studies in Mathematical Biology) 2nd Edition by Brian Charlesworth (Author) ISBN ISBN Why is ISBN important. ISBN. This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book.

If you are particularly interested in age-structured population, Evolution in age-structured populations (Charlesworth) is a very good book. Modeling evolution (Roff) offers some discussion on how to mathematically define fitness from phenotypic traits. While it is interesting I would not counsel you to buy it.

Charlesworth, B. () Evolution in Age-Structured Populations. 2nd Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Russell Lande, Steinar Engen and Bernt-Erik Sæther, Evolution of stochastic demography with life history tradeoffs in density-dependent age-structured populations, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, /pnas,44, (), ().Cited by: Finally, he makes a big deal about MLS theory does not adequately able to handle class structured populations.

First, off, there actually is a nice old paper on multilevel selection in age-structured populations (Mertz et al Evolution ). evolution of the age structured populations 7 the population in the t -step of simulation, N max is a maximal size of the population called also a capacity of the environment and V is a.

Age -Structured Populations Age -structured vital rates have manifold implications for population dynamics and evolution. Age -structure is tabulated with life tables, and these can be used to derive important population parameters.

The literature using. Mathematical models describing the evolution of age-structured populations have received increasing attention in recent years, both for the biological interest and Cited by: 7.

such factors on evolution in stage-structured populations. Let represent a multivariate quan-z p (z, z,z)T 12 m titative trait whose components are expressed in specific stages.

Our framework extends beyond quantitative traits and can be used to describe allele and genotype frequency dynamics in stage-structured populations by letting z in. Humans live in age-structured populations with overlapping generations in which parents, children, and grandchildren can all be alive at the same time and interact with one another.

Human life history is characterized by variable longevities and potential reproduction occurring over many ages. Evolution in Stage-Structured Populations Michael Barfield, 1Robert D.

Holt, rates is for age-structured populations (e.g., Lande a, b; Charlesworth ). Yet in many species, age (time evolution in real populations. A real-world application is. In-class exercise: age-structured population growth. In this exercise we will explore some facets of age-stuctured populations.

Load up the life table from earlier in this lecture, by clicking this table to compute the net reproductive rate, \(R_0\).This represents the mean (expected) number of female offspring produced per female over her entire lifetime.

DEMOGRAPHY BEYOND THE POPULATION The evolution of labile traits in sex- and age-structured populations Dylan Z. Childs1*, Ben C. Sheldon2 and Mark Rees1 1Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield, S10 2TN, UK; and 2Department of Zoology, The Edward Grey Institute, Tinbergen Building, South Parks Road, Cited by: Future research on life-history evolution would require some understanding of how natural selection works in populations with age-structure.

Norton's seminal paper in (Norton, ) developed many of the basic results for selection in age-structured populations. Serious work in this area would not begin again Charlesworth, ).

This book provides an introduction to age-structured population modeling which emphasizes the connection between mathematical theory and underlying biological assumptions.

Through the rigorous development of the linear theory and the nonlinear theory alongside numerics, the authors explore classical equations that describe the dynamics of. This book provides an introduction to age-structured population modeling which emphasises the connection between mathematical theory and underlying biological assumptions.

Comparatively little attention has been given to models on the evolution of age-structured populations in the extensive literature on evolutionary and population genetics.

Much of the work on this class of models has, however, been reviewed and extended in the book by Charlesworth [ 1 ] on evolution in age structured by: 2. We present a formulation of branching and aging processes that allows age distributions along lineages to be studied within populations, and provides a new interpretation of classical results in Cited by: Charlesworth, B.

Evolution in Age-Structured Populations. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Charnov, E. and Schaffer, W Wright, S. Evolution and the Genetics of Populations, vol.

2, The Theory of Gene Frequencies. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL Book summary views reflect the number of visits to the book and.

SELECTION IN AGE-STRUCTURED POPULATIONS Fsums to one. In all but the first and (h+1)-th rows, all elements are zero exceptfor a single element of 1, reflecting the fact that an individual of sex uand age jat time tbecomes an individual of.

The book is aimed for Masters and PhD students and researchers including scientists working in applied areas such as fisheries management.

Miller, Tom E. X., and Volker H. Rudolf. Thinking inside the box: Community-level consequences of stage-structured populations. Trends in Ecology & Evolution – Populations ofmany species are age-structured,and the study of their ecology and evolution presents many theoretical book reviews most aspects ofthe ecological dynamics, thetheory ofnat- ural and artificial selection,and the genetic effects of finite populationsize, as they apply to age-structured populations.

It applies the results to the general. The latter usually implies that population growth rates decrease as the population becomes more dense, via increased competition for resources. This section borrows heavily from Charlesworth’s classic book, Evolution in Age-Structured Populations. To simplify matters, I assume asexual, haploid genetic inheritance and no frequency-dependent Cited by: 6.

We study the evolution in discrete time of certain age-structured populations, such as adults and juveniles, with a Ricker fitness function. We determine conditions for the convergence of orbits to the origin (extinction) in the presence of the Allee effect and time-dependent vital rates.

We show that when stages interact, they may survive in the absence of interior fixed points, a surprising Cited by: 1. principles of population genetics Download principles of population genetics or read online books in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl, and Mobi Format.

Click Download or Read Online button to get principles of population genetics book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. The definition of fitness in an age-structured population is given in more detail by Charlesworth ().

For review, see Partridge and Barton (). We show how fitness in an age-structured population can be calculated using data from a laboratory population of Drosophila melanogaster (Roper et al.

Lectures are self-contained and are devoted to various phenomena such as the evolution of the genetic code and genomes, age-structured populations, demography, sympatric speciation, the Penna model, Lotka-Volterra and other predator-prey models, evolutionary models of ecosystems, extinctions of species, and the origin and development of language.

ISBN: April Wiley-Blackwell Pages 1. Introduction. Variation And Its Inheritance In Plant Populations. Evolutionary And Ecological Genetics. Intra-Specific Interactions. Population Dynamics.

Dynamics Of Age-Structured And Stage-Structured Populations. Brian Charlesworth is the author of Evolution ( avg rating, ratings, 40 reviews, published ), Elements of Evolutionary Genetics ( avg rat /5.

the evolution of age-structured populations in the extensive literature on evolutionary and population genetics. Much of theworkonthisclassofmodelshas,however,beenreviewed and extended in the book by Charlesworth [ ]onevolution inagestructuredpopulations.

isbookalsocontainsalong list of references citing papers that are quite well known by,Cited by: 2. In r/K selection theory, selective pressures are hypothesised to drive evolution in one of two generalized directions: r- or K-selection.

These terms, r and K, are drawn from standard ecological algebra as illustrated in the simplified Verhulst model of population dynamics: = (−) where N is the population, r is the maximum growth rate, K is the carrying capacity of the local environment. Evolution in age-structured populations.

Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. The definitive explanation of the theoretical population genetics of age-structured populations. Clack J.A. Gaining ground: The origin and evolution of tetrapods.

Indiana University Press, Bloomington. Coyne J.A. and Orr H.A. Speciation. They address a host of exciting topics along the way, including age-structured populations, spatially distributed populations, and metapopulations.

This second edition of Population Ecology is fully updated and expanded, with additional exercises in virtually every chapter, making it the most up-to-date and comprehensive textbook of its Edition: Second. All journal articles and book chapters by Rick Michod are available for download on ResearchGate.

Book Review of Evolution in Age-Structured Populations by Brian Charlesworth. Science Abugov, R. and R. Michod. On the relation of family-structured models and inclusive fitness models for kin selection. Download evolution in age structured populations or read online here in PDF or EPUB.

Please click button to get evolution in age structured populations book now. All books are in clear copy here, and all files are secure so don't worry about it. This site is like a library, you could find million book here by using search box in the widget.

The current extinction and climate change crises pressure us to predict population dynamics with ever‐greater accuracy. Although predictions rest on the well‐advanced theory of age‐structured populations, two key issues remain poorly explored. Specifically, how the age‐dependency in demographic rates and the year‐to‐year interactions between survival and fecundity affect Cited by:   The age structure of a population is an important factor in population dynamics.

Age structure is the proportion of a population in different age classes. Models that incorporate age structure allow better prediction of population growth, plus the ability to associate this growth with the level of economic development in a region.The last few decades have seen considerable interest in extending evolutionary models to include age structure.

Charlesworth () gave an account of the major results that have been obtained by applying ecological and demographic models of age-structured populations to population genetics and evolutionary by: 1.